Visiting Places


The early history of the Patiala state is considered more of a myth than fact. Baba Ala Singh, a man with vision and courage assumed the leadership in 1714 and carved out an independent principality from a petty Zamindari of 30 villages. His successors were instrumental in the expansion of Patiala into a big state. The state's borders touched the Shivaliks in north, Rajasthan in the South and upper courses of the Jamuna and Sutlej.The state of Patiala assumed prominence on the Indian map during the reign of Maharaja Bhupinder Singh (1900-1930). The rich architectural legacy of the place is to his credit only. Also his son facilitated the process of natural integration of the state by signing the instrument of accession. 


Tourist Attractions:

The Moti Bagh Palace

The Moti Bagh Palace, built in the 19th century, is a must visit in Patiala. Made on the lines of the famous Shalimar Gardens of Lahore it now houses the National Institute of Sports and the Art Gallery.

Sheesh Mahal

The Sheesh Mahal Medal Collection was put together by Sir Bhupindar Singh, Maharaja of Patiala ( 1891 - 1938 ) in the 1920s, with the assistance of the auctioneer Spink of London.

His son, Maharaja Yadavindra Singh, who died in 1974, subsequently bequeathed the medal collection to the people of the Punjab on India gaining independence in 1947. The medal collection now resides in the Sheesh Mahal Museum at Patiala. Although notionally open to the public, gaining entrance to the museum can be difficult. Although efforts have been made to contact the Sheesh Mahal Museum, replies have not been forthcoming.

 A few years ago the government of Punjab made noises about transferring the Sheesh Mahal Collection to the State capital Chandigarh, where the medal collection would be seen by many more visitors. However, it is believed that Amarindar Singh, the son of Yadavindra Singh, pointed out that the bequest in 1947 stipulated the collection remain in Patiala and threatened that any attempt to move it to Chandigarh would negate the bequest, and the collection would revert to to his private ownership. 

Gurudwara Dukhniwaran Sahib


The capital of the former princely state, Patiala has a  magnificent historical shrine, Gurudwara Dukh Niwaran. It is built on the spot graced by ninth Guru Sri Tegh Bahadurji. The Gurudwara stands adjoining a tank, where a dip is considered must by devoted pilgrims. Another Gurudwara having historical background is called Gurudwara Motibagh. It is partly designed like the "Sheesh Mahal' and has some fine miniatures.  
Today Patiala is one of the important cities of Punjab. The Punjabi University is located on the outskirts of this city. The Motibagh Palace of the former Maharaja now houses the National Institute of Sports and the Punjab Art Gallery. The Gallery contains valuable paintings and illustrated manuscripts, dealing with the life and times of Sikh Gurus. A Regional Cultural Centre has recentl
y been established here.


Kali Devi Temple


Opposite Baradari garden on the Mall Road of Patiala.






North India



Year of Construction


Constructed By

The rulers of the Patiala State.

Type of Construction


Type of Building